Composting is not a new concept to many people. Farmers used to put all farm and animal wastes together, leaving the pile for some months and then put the materials back into the soil. In some cases, the ‘compost’ works well with crops, while sometimes it may not work at all or even cause problems in soil and crops.
Composting is a common practice. Yet, people seldom look into the science behind composting. It is crucial to understand the microbiology of decomposition, so as to guarantee high quality compost for real benefits in farming. Only through understanding the scientific mechanisms of composting can we revive the ecology in soil and enhance the sustainability of our food production system.
What is COMPOST?
– It is a process of decomposition of different materials originated from living things and their bioactivity in solid form with the aid of “microbiome” in an aerated environment.
Mainly three types of raw materials in respective proportion:
(C: N=Carbon to Nitrogen Ratio)
Fungal and Bacterial Balanced Small-scaled Compost Recipe:
Ratio of materials: 10% High Nitrogen, 40% Green Plant Materials, 50% Woody Materials
Volume: at least 1 cubic meter
Generally takes 6 to 8 months to be mature.
Sources and References
 Environment Celebration Institute, retrieved from: https://environmentcelebration.com/research/10-steps-to-making-thermal-compost/