Influence of regular mushroom cultivation on the environment

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Do you know where your favorite mushroom comes from? With ever increasing demand from hungry consumer, traditional mushroom farms had shifted from log culture to (plastic) bag cultivation. What are these and, is bag cultivation more eco-friendly?

Traditionally log cultivation uses only logs from board leaf tree, where bag cultivation on the other hand uses a mixture of agriculture waste as substrates. Thus many people say bag cultivation is more eco-friendly because has lower demand in wood, thus effectively conserved forest. However, there’s question associate with bag cultivation as well. Firstly, carbon footprint for raw material such as woodshed, cottonseed hull and plastic bags would be higher if distance between site of production and farm located far apart. Secondly, as the name applies, bag cultivation generates huge amount of persistent hard to degrade plastic waste. All mushrooms species we consume were originated from nature at first, where each species has their optimum environment corresponding to local weather. Many consumers however, only consume food according to their preference, without questioning where and when that food ought to grow.

Such inconsiderate consumption pattern demands huge energy demand in every step of production. Using Enoki cultivation as example, mushroom farmer grows it in an entirely manmade condition. Switching on air-con to maintain temp at 4oC along with artificial florescent and humidifier throughout entire cultivation phase. Do not forget most of our foods are imported from all around the world, including Taiwan, Japan, Korea and China significantly increasing carbon footprint during transportation.

You will be shocked to learn enormous energy input to grow food against natural climate. All of these problems initiate with your choice, are you willing to change your consumption practice for our Earth?

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